Whilst other answers are acceptable with justification, it is fairly obvious that the correct answer depends on the angle from which the issue is being considered. Heroes and villains manifest for both sides and it all depends on the direction from which the wind is blowing.
Perhaps readers 120 years on from when this conflict/war took place can be more objective. Hopefully without applying any filters, digesting facts from the events recorded on this page will throw up a few surprises.
The task then is to answer the questions:
What does victory look like for those who have taken part in a war?
Who are the losers?
Who are the winners?
Difficult to answer? Find out here --->